Designing a garden entails both the art and process of crafting and planning a layout of garden and landscape. This can be done by the garden owner himself, or by a professional who is trained and more experienced with the craft. Garden designs and layouts vary from one person’s preference to another. Sometimes in a neighborhood, designing a garden becomes a subtle competition among neighbors.
There are certain elements and principles that should be applied and included in designing a garden. These principles are put into place to meet the goals and needs of the owner. The common elements used in garden and landscape layout include walls, paths, water features, decking or sitting areas and plants. Since the garden is also a place where people go for a silent retreat, rest and meditation, creating a good patio or just a viewing deck is also important.
Adding a water feature to the garden is always an attraction. Water has properties that can give a feeling and impression of peace and quietness. A water feature can be a small pond or a wall-mounted falls or fountain. However, when including this in the design, it is also important to consider maintenance, sustainability and expenses. Putting enough good lighting in the garden is essential for safety and for additional beauty, especially at night. Garden lamps come in a variety of colors and models for different preferences.
Plants are the life of the garden. While other features can enhance the beauty of the whole garden, the plants are the most basic element needed in a garden design. Again, maintenance needs and expenses should be considered in planning what type of plants will be put in the garden. The speed of growth, self-seeding, bloom-time and other characteristics of plants need to be considered as well.